During the beginning of the last millennium BCE, the Phoenicians began establishing colonies around the Mediterranean to compete with Greek trade. The most important Phoenician colony was founded in Tunis, North Africa, named Carthage around 800 BCE. Although the home cities in Phoenicia were repeatedly conquered and subjugated, the colony of Carthage prospered and expanded to become one of the great powers of the western Mediterranean. The Carthaginians capitalized on the trade of Iberian silver and British tin. Carthage was a maritime power and its coffers paid for mercenaries in abundance when the city needed to go to war. This wealth, mastery of trade and expansion along the Mediterranean coast towards Italy brings Carthage into direct confrontation with the newly rising power of Rome. The connection between certain New Mexican families and the Carthaginians will be explored. We will also discuss which families show the markers that are most identified with this ancient civilization.