The United States is wealthiest country in the world, yet we have tremendous poverty, and enormous disparities in wealth. The wealthiest 1 percent of American households own 40 percent of the country’s wealth. This uncomfortable reality calls into question the health of our democracy. In the late 1880’s Leo Tolstoy began to investigate the Moscow slums to better understand the deep urban poverty different from the rural poverty that he knew. His research led to his book, What Then Must We Do? This class takes off from that starting point: to investigate the issues of wealth inequality in the United States, looking at causes and impacts. The repercussions of this issue reverberate in many areas of our public and private lives. Tolstoy examined the question of our responsibilities to our fellow human beings. In the end, we also face the question that Tolstoy faced…what then must we do?